Changing Wheels

Hazards Identified
Traffic accidents involving loose wheels, damaged equipment, injuries to changing wheels

Hazard-Specific Personal Protective Equipment
Safety glasses with side shields, CSA approved hard hat, CSA Grade I foot protection, reflective vest

Hazard-Specific Training
Wheel and rim installation course

Safe Work Practice

  • Contact dispatch & inform of problem and location.
  • Bring vehicle to a safe location away from traffic if possible.
  • Locate a solid flat service capable of supporting the weight of the load.
  • Apply the parking brake and make sure transmission is in first gear.
  • Put on hazard lights and reflective vest before leaving cab.
  • Use a warning lamps, flares or reflective accessories specified in the Regulation respecting mechanical inspection & safety standards for road vehicles, as follows:
  • Two-way traffic-flares, lamps or emergency reflectors must be placed on the traffic side of the roadway, at 3m and 30m to the rear of disabled vehicle and a third at 30m ahead of the disabled vehicle.
  • Divided highway-emergency reflectors must be placed on the roadway at 3m, 30m and 60m to the rear of the disabled vehicle facing oncoming traffic.
  • Place chocks under the wheels.
  • Install the jack in the recommended location.
  • Loosen nuts up to ½ turn.
  • Jack the vehicle up high enough to replace the wheel.
  • Remove the nuts.
  • Remove defective wheel (outer or inner) and replace using mounting procedure.

Regulations, Standards and References
Occupational Safety General Regulations

Goals of the FSSNS

  • Save lives and reduce injuries.
  • Reduce all costs associated with work place accidents.
  • Improve profits.
  • Maintain compliance with regulatory bodies.
  • Manage and establish ownership of industry managed loss control programs.
  • Reduce Workers' Compensation rates.
The Forestry Safety Society of Nova Scotia is registered under the Societies Act of Nova Scotia. It is a separate entity, having a Memorandum of Association and By-Laws. The Society is governed by a Board of Directors, representing all sectors of the forest industry.